Hip Roof Shed Plans

A Way To Construct A Hip Roof

Any roof which has four sides, all of which slope upwards to satisfy at a seam on the top of the roof, is a hip roof. It is possibly one of the best sorts of roofing and is regularly blended with gables or other capabilities. Hip roofs drain water well, and leaves don’t build up on them. While it is not unusual to construct hip roofs from trusses or premade frames, it is feasible to build your own hip roof. Begin through measuring and slicing the timber, then move on to putting in the rafters and sheathing.

  • Measure the building to calculate the period of your rafters. For a quick and clean technique, degree the width and height of all 4 walls the use of a laser distance measuring device. To use the device, virtually factor it at 1 end of a wall and click on the button. Then point it at the a long way cease of the same wall, and push the button once more to look the measured distance. If you don’t have a laser distance measuring device, you may use an everyday tape degree to locate the size of your constructing’s walls.
    • You can purchase a laser distance measuring device (and a tape measure) at a large hardware shop.
    • If you realize the measurements of the building (e.g., if it’s a small shed which you built), you could pass this step.
  • Calculate the length of each of your not unusual rafters. Once you’ve measured the width of your constructing, divide that range by way of 2 (on the grounds that each rafter best covers half of the roof). Subtract the width off the ridge board. Then, calculate the roof pitch with the aid of writing down the wide variety of inches that the roof is improved vertically over the peak of the roof. Use those measurements to calculate the length of every rafter the use of an internet roofing calculator.[1]
    • For rafters on the short ends of the constructing, you’ll want to subtract the period of the ridge board from the total period of the building. This will indicate how lengthy each of the lengthy, lengthwise commonplace rafters should degree.
    • Find a roofing calculator on line at: https://www.roofcalc.org/roof-rafter-calculator/.


  • Mark the area in which you’ll cut each of the common rafters. Using a carpenter’s framing square, mark the angled plumb line with a pencil on the end of a wooden plank to discover the region wherein you’ll make the ridge cut (the cut at the top of the rafter). Then, use your pencil to make a mark at the framing square’s 1 toes (zero.30 m) notch. Mark this Hip Roof Shed Plans increment on every rafter.[2]
    • Common rafters are the ones which run from the pinnacle of the wall to the pinnacle of the roof and connect with the ridge beam.
  • Mark the birdsmouth region at the rafters. The birdsmouth is the call for a gap you carve out of the rafter so it is able to match on pinnacle of the constructing’s wall. To find the area in which you’ll cut the birdsmouth, use the triangular a part of the wood worker’s square and trace it onto the plank of timber with a pencil.[3]
    • Mark the birdsmouth reduce region on all common rafters, jack rafters, and hip rafters.
  • Cut the common rafters to duration the use of a round saw. Use the primary rafter as a sample for the rest. Use a spherical saw to cut the identical styles from the relaxation of the rafters. You need to have sufficient not unusual rafters in order that there may be one every 20 inches (51 cm) alongside the walls of the residence.
    • To discern how many rafters you’ll want, measure the length of the 4 partitions and divide the full length in inches by way of 20.
  • Make the birdsmouth cuts on your not unusual rafters. Use the framing rectangular to discover wherein the jack rafter’s plumb cuts will hook up with the hip. The depth of the seat reduce should be equal to the thickness of the wall you’re putting in the rafter on. When you have got the duration of the jack rafters, use a spherical noticed to cut the seat and shoulder cuts.[four]
    • A birdsmouth reduce has 2 components: a horizontal reduce (referred to as the seat reduce) and a vertical reduce (known as a shoulder reduce). The seat rests on top of the wall that you’re attaching the particular rafter to, while the shoulder reduce parallels the wall and lets in numerous inches of every rafter to overhang the roof.


  • Attach four-6 centering rafters and lift the ridge beam into vicinity. The first step in the technique of erecting the hip roof is to get the ridge beam into location on the pinnacle of the roof. Place the 4-6 not unusual rafters in their precise positions alongside the two longest walls, and nail them firmly to the wall with a nail gun. Then, lift the ridge beam to the correct peak.[five]
    • Centering rafters are common rafters which might be used to regular the ridge beam.
  • Nail the ridge beam between the centering rafters. Set 5-6 greater common rafters in place and nail them to the walls of the structure. These extra centering rafters will help the ridge beam and save you it from collapsing. Once the extra not unusual rafters are in area, use your nail gun to drive 1 nail thru the pinnacle of every common alternatively and into the ridge beam.[6]
    • For the sake of safety and practicality, ask 2 or three friends or family individuals that will help you when you’re putting in the ridge beam. These helpers can hand the rafters to you as you connect them.
  • Attach the 6 king commonplace rafters at the end of the ridge board. King commonplace rafters hold the ridge board consistent in place. Nail one rafter on each facet of the hip roof to brace the ridge board in region. Then, nail the king rafters in area in opposition to the ridge board.
    • King commonplace rafters are the commonplace rafters closest to the hip rafters. There are 6 of those rafters on every hip roof.
    • King commonplace rafters are structurally same to the alternative commonplace rafters.
  • Nail the hip rafters to the ridge beam and the corners of the partitions. Lift the hip rafters into vicinity once the ridge board is firmly in role. When you attach the hip rafters, nail them in region at the lowest first before nailing the top towards the ridge beam. As you connect the hip rafters, attach a ceiling joist next to every one for extra support.[7]
    • Hip rafters are the four long, diagonal rafters that connect to the ends of the ridge beam and to the corners of the shape.
  • Nail the relaxation of the common rafters to the ridge beam. Measure cautiously in order that every commonplace rafter is spaced precisely 20 inches (51 cm) from the adjacent common rafters. The not unusual rafters and ridge beam have to now stand solidly on their own.[8]
    • Most hip roofs best have 1 common rafter on the facet of the roof constructed off of the short walls.


  • Nail the jack rafters to the hip rafters and steady them to the walls. Depending on the size of the roof, most hip roofs can have four-6 short jack rafters which can be spaced out every 20 inches (fifty one cm) between the hip rafters and the king common rafters. Measure the gap among the angled hip rafter and the top of the wall at 20 in (fifty one cm) increments and cut jack rafters to healthy. Then use your nail gun to connect the jack rafters to the hip rafter and wall.[nine]
    • Jack rafters run from the top of the shape’s wall to the angled hip rafter, parallel to the common rafters.
  • Determine the quantity of plywood sheets you’ll need. Begin through measuring the width and peak of every of the four facets of the roof. Once you have made those measurements, multiply the duration of every of the 4 facets through its top to discover the region. Add the areas of all the aspects collectively to calculate the total region of the roof. To discover how many plywood sheets you will want, degree a sheet of sheathing and multiply its period via its top to locate the area. Finally, divide the area of the entire roof by means of the region of one plywood sheet to parent out the wide variety of sheets you’ll want.
    • For example, say that 2 of the perimeters of your hip roof measure 6 ft (1.eight m), 2 aspects measure 10 feet (3.zero m), and the roof is 3 feet (0.91 m) high. The general length is then 32 ft (nine.8 m), and the entire area of the roof is 96 rectangular feet (eight.9 m2). Then, if the plywood sheets are each 20 square ft (1.9 m2), divide 96 via 20 to calculate that you’ll need 4.8 sheets of plywood.
    • If the final calculation does not bring about a whole wide variety, spherical as much as the closest whole range. In our instance, you’d want to buy 5 sheets.
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